Many people don’t like tofu.
This is completely understandable, given that what comes out of the little carton from the grocery store is more bland and flavorless than library paste, and has less texture as well. Of course, some will say those very features are what give tofu its salutary versatility. Since it has so little character of its own, it can borrow the flavors of whatever sauce or marinade you can dream up. That is true, but still leaves the problem of texture. I went for years thinking I had to go to the Asian Market or the Health Food store to buy baked tofu for twice the price of the tub variety, just for it to have a good “chew.” Even though I don’t particularly mind the mushy texture of basic tofu, I much prefer it to be very firm, almost meatlike in consistency. I just didn’t realize that it was entirely possible to make it that way at home, with no special equipment. With just a little time and almost no effort you can go from this:
Here’s what you need:
- A stockpot or large deep saucepan
- Two cookie sheets (large plates can be used too)
- A thick, absorbent towel
- A white lint-free dishtowel, like a floursack
- 2 cakes of extra firm tofu (You can make just one, of course, but because it does take a little work I try to make at least 2 at a time, since it gets eaten up so quickly.)
- Something to use as a weight – it should weigh several pounds
Bring the water to a boil in your large-ish pot. You want to make sure two cakes of tofu can fit in there with a little extra room, and be covered by the boiling water. Once it is at a boil, gently lower the tofu cakes in.
Let those tofu cakes boil. Boil the HECK out of them. Boil them for at least an hour. They may swell up and look dangerously bloated. That’s ok. It’s also ok if they look mostly the same as when you started. Add water if necessary to keep them covered. Let them boil most vigorously.
Meanwhile, lay out a clean fluffy towel on your cookie sheet or large plate, then cover that with your lint-free dishtowel. (You really don’t want to be picking terry cloth lint out of your tofu.) Arrange it so that you can completely surround the two cakes of tofu.
When you decide they have had enough boiling, turn off the water. Using a spatula to lift and a spoon for stability, gently remove each cake and place them on the dishtowel. Fold the towels around them so that they are covered top and bottom, with plenty of room at the sides for runoff liquid to be absorbed.
Put your second cookie sheet or plate on top of the swaddled tofu cakes and put something good and heavy on top. I use my 7-quart Lodge dutch oven.
Let it sit. I usually begin this whole process around 9 at night, so I can let it sit overnight. 8 hours is not too long.
In the morning, or after a good long time, remove the weight and unveil your compressed tofu. It will now have the texture of a very firm cheese, or dense cold meatloaf.
If you’re not using it immediately, refrigerate it in an airtight baggie or container. (You can also begin marinating it now if you like.)
IMPORTANT! Launder those towels right away. You do not want to know what neglected tofu squeezings smell like. Stinky does not begin to describe it.
Now! On to the delicious part! I like to slice the tofu into bite size pieces and pan-fry it in various marinades. Here are links to three fairly simple recipes for marinade/sauce that all taste awesome with tofu. You can also add it, sans marinade, to stir-fries and curries, soups and stews and it will be wonderful no matter how you flavor it. I like to use it in matar paneer for a low fat alternative to cheese. If you have another suggestion for a sauce or marinade, I’d love to hear it. Enjoy!
- Barbecue Tofu – although I still like my way of prepping the tofu better, this is a much faster way to do it. Not as chewy, though.
- Tea-Egg Tofu – I made these eggs and used the leftover marinade on tofu. I liked it so much that I made another batch and just skipped the eggs (although they were good, too!)
- Tofu Teriyaki (pictured above)- All the online recipes I could find for this were too sugary, too complicated, or just didn’t sound good. You can use commercial teriyaki sauce, of course, and that’s pretty tasty but usually very sweet, or you can just mix up the following. Use it all – the tofu will absorb it during cooking and come out absolutely delicious:
1/2 Cup Soy Sauce
1/4 Cup Water
1/4 Cup Rice Vinegar or White Wine Vinegar
1 Clove Garlic, minced
1-inch chunk of Ginger, minced
1 tsp or more honey or agave, to taste
smidge sesame oil and or/hot chili oil (optional)
Now you have no excuses! Go forth and make some delicious tofu!
(Many thanks to my dear friend Wendy B for vouchsafing the secret to fabulous tofu texture.)